Sonographic diagnostics (also called sonography) is one of the most noteworthy imaging methods in medicine. Also known as ultrasound, sonography is used to examine soft tissue (unlike an x-ray which can examine bones) and its output (called a sonogram) looks similar to an X-Ray scan.
This method is generally used for diagnosing organs, vessels and the locomotor system, as well as malformations during pregnancy. This is possible because unlike X-rays, sound waves are completely harmless for human tissue, even for highly sensitive foetuses.
Orthopaedic physicians use sonography to examine muscles, tendons, joints, encapsulated cavities or cavities filled with fluid, as well as blood vessels. In general, examinations are absolutely pain-free and are suited for initial assessments as well as progress checks with the most varied inflammatory, non-inflammatory, benign and even malignant diseases. For example, sonography reveals not only inflammatory changes, but also locations suspected to be cancerous, thus allowing an initial view as to whether the growth is malignant or not. In addition, sonography helps ultrasound-controlled biopsies and cytological examinations (where tissue samples or liquid is removed).